Sources


BACKGROUND RESEARCH

PHYSICAL HEALTH ASSESSMENT

  • Dill J. Bicycling for Transportation and Health: The Role of Infrastructure. Journal of Public Health Policy 2009. 30: 95-110.
  • Fitzhugh, Eugene C., David R. Bassett Jr., et al. Urban Trails and Physical Activity: A Natural Experiment. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2010.39(3): 259-62.
  • Kunzli, N., R. Kaiser, S. Medina, et al. Public-health Impact of Outdoor and Traffic-related Air Pollution: A European Assessment. The Lancet 2000. 356(9232): 795-801.
  • Litman, T. Quantifying the Benefits of Non-Motorized Transport for achieving TDM Objectives. Victoria Transport Policy Institute. Victoria Transport Policy Institute, 1 Dec. 1999.
  • Pucher, John, Jennifer D., et al. Infrastructure, Programs, and Policies to Increase Bicycling: An International Review. Preventive Medicine. 2009. Rutgers University. 

TRAFFIC SAFETY ASSESSMENT

  • Fitzpatrick, P.E., Kay, Paul J.,et al. Design Factors That Affect Driver Speed on Suburban Arterials. Project Summary Report. Rep. no. 1769-S:   Texas Transportation Institute, The Texas A&M University System.
  • Harwood, Douglas W. Effective Utilization of Street Width on Urban Arterials. TRB Publication Index. Rep. no. 330. Transportation Research Board, Aug. 1990.
  • Parsons Transportation Group. Relationship Between Lane Width and Speed: Review of Relevant Literature. Publication. City of Arlington, Sept. 2003.
  • Safety | Injury Severity and Impact Speed. ET Braking System: For Road Safety. 2011. http://www.etbrakingsystem.com/safety.html. Accessed April 16 2012.

 ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ASSESSMENT

  • Adler,  N.E.,  T, Boyce, M.A. Chesney,  S,  Folkman, et al. Socioeconomic Inequalities in Health:  No Easy Solution, Journal of  the  American Medical  Association.  1993. 269(24): 3140-3145.
  • Bicycle Tourism in Maine: Economic Impacts and Marketing Recommendations (Executive Summary), Maine Department of Transportation. April 2001.
  • Consumer’s Survey on Smart Choices for Home Buyers, National Association of Realtors and the National Association of Home Builders, April 2002.
  • Crespo, C. J.; Ainsworth, B. E.; Keteyian, S. J.; et al. Prevalence Of Physical Inactivity And Its Relation To Social Class In U.S. Adults: Results From The Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988-1994. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. December 1999;  31(12)1821.
  • Crompton J. The Impact of Parks on Property Values: Empirical Evidence from the Past Two Decades in the United States. Managing Leisure, 2005; 10 (4).
  • David P. Racca and Amardeep Dhanju , Property Value/Desirability Effects of Bike Paths Adjacent to Residential Areas, Delaware Center For Transportation and Delaware DOT, University of Delaware, 2006.
  • Donald L. G., Omaha Recreational Trails: Their Effect on Property Values and Public Safety. University of Nebraska at Omaha, June 2000.
  • Douglas D.P., Abraham W., Richard C. Rich, et al. The Physical Environment of Street Crime: Defensible space, Territoriality and Incivilities. Journal of Environmental Psychology. 1993; 13, 29-49.
  • Drennen, Emily. Economic Effects of Traffic Calming on Urban Small Businesses. Department of Public Administration, San Francisco State University, 2003.
  • Economic Impacts of Protecting Rivers, Trails and Greenway Corridors, U.S. National Park Service, 1995. http://www.nps.gov/pwro/rtca/econ_index.htm. 1995. Accessed April 10, 2012.
  • Enhancing America’s Communities: A Guide to Transportation Enhancements, National Transportation Enhancements Clearinghouse, November 2002.
  • Ettner, Susan L. New evidence on the relationship between income and health. Journal of Health Economics 1996; 15, 67-85.
  • Feinstein,  J.S.,   The  relationship  between  socioeconomic  status  and  health:  A  Review of the Literature, The Milbank Quarterly. 1993;71(2), 279-322.
  • Flusche, Darren. The Economic Benefits of Bicycle Infrastructure Investments. League of American Bicyclists, 2009.
  • Gary Z, James M. B. Evaluation of the burke-gilman trail’s effect on property values and crime, Seattle Engineering Department and Office of Planning, May 1987.
  • Grabow, Maggie, Micah H. et al. Valuing Bicycling’s Economic and Health impacts in Wisconsin. The nelson institute for Environmental studies, center for sustainability and the Global Environment, University of Wisconsin-Madison. Jan. 2010.
  • Jon Miller, Henry Robison and Michael Lahr, Estimating Important Transportation-Related Regional Economic Relationships in Bexar County, Texas, VIA Metropolitan Transit (San Antonio), 1999; http://www.vtpi.org. Accessed April 10 2012.
  • Kessler, R.C.  and P.D.  Cieary, Social Class and Psychological Distress, American Sociological Review 1980; 45, 463-478.
  • Krizek, Kevin, Two Approaches to Valuing Some of Bicycle Facilities’ Presumed Benefits, Journal of the American Planning Association, Summer 2006; 72(3).
  • Litman, Tod. Quantifying the Benefits of Non-Motorized Transport for Achieving TDM Objectives. Victoria Transport Policy Institute. 1999; http://www.vtpi.org. Accessed April 10 2012.
  • Mary E. Northridge, Elliott D. Sclar, and Padmini Biswas. Sorting Out the Connections Between the Built Environment and Health: A Conceptual Framework for Navigating Pathways and Planning Healthy Cities. Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine 2003; 80(4), 556-568.
  • Nicholls S, Crompton J. The Impact of Greenways on Property Values: Evidence from Austin, Texas. Journal of Leisure Research. 2005; 37(3), 321-341.
  • Trail Users Study, Little Miami Scenic Trail, Ohio-Kentucky-Indiana Regional Council of Governments, 1999.
  •  Pathways to Prosperity: Economic Impact of Investing in Bicycle Facilities: A Case Study, North Carolina Department of Transportation Division of Bicycle Transportation, 2004.
  • Patrick H. C., Kitty S., Shelly L., et al. Children in Food-Insufficient, Low-Income Families Prevalence, Health, and Nutrition Status. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine. 2001;155:508-514.
  • Paul W. N., Dana C. H., Jeffrey J. S. Children’s Access to Primary Care: Differences by Race, Income, and Insurance Status. Pediatrics. 1996; 97(1)26 -32.
  • Recreational Trails, Crime and Property Values: Brown County’s Mountain-Bay Trail and the Proposed Fox River Trail, Brown County Planning Commission, Green Bay, July 6, 1998.
  • Sarah F., Billie G. The Built Environment, Neighborhood Crime and Constrained Physical Activity: An Exploration of Inconsistent Findings.  Preventive Medicine. 2008; 47 241–251.
  • Sarah F., Billie G., Matthew K. Neighborhood Design and Fear of Crime: A Social-ecological Examination of the Correlates of Residents’ Fear in New Suburban Housing Developments. Health & Place. 2010; 16, 1156–1165.
  • Spelman, William. Abandoned Buildings: Magnets For Crime? Journal of Criminal Justice. 1993; 2I, 48I-495.
  • Sydney S. M, Stuart H. M., The Effect of Greenways On Property Values and Public Safety, A Joint Study by : The Conservation Fund and Colorado State Parks State Trails Program, Colorado State Parks, State Trails Program, March 1995.
  • Bike Lanes, On-Street Parking and Business: A study of Bloor Street in Toronto’s Annex Neighborhood, The Clean Air Partnership, 2009.
  • The Economic and Social Benefits of Off-Road Bicycle and Pedestrian Facilities, National Bicycle and Pedestrian Clearinghouse Technical Brief, 1995; No. 2, http://www.bikefed.org, Accessed April 10 2012.
  • The Economic and Social Benefits of Off-Road Bicycle and Pedestrian Facilities, National Bicycle and Pedestrian Clearinghouse, Sept. 1995; No. 2.
  • The Economic Benefits of Walkable Communities, Local Government Commission Center for Livable Communities, 1999.
  • The Impacts of Rail-Trails: A Study of Users and Nearby Property Owners from Three Trails. U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, 1992.
  • Thomson H, Pettricrew M., Douglas M. Health impact assessment of housing improvements: incorporating research evidence. Journal of Epidemiol Community Health. 2003; 57:11–16.
  • West ST, Shores KA. The impacts of building a greenway on proximate residents’ physical activity. Journal of Physical Activity and Health Nov. 2011; 8(8):1092-7.

SOCIAL CAPITAL ASSESSMENT

  • Akçomak, S., ter Weel, B. The Impact of Social Capital on Crime: Evidence from the Netherlands, UNU-MERIT Working Paper 2008-042. 2008.
  • Akçomak, S., ter Weel, B. The Impact of Social Capital on Crime:  Evidence from the Netherlands. The Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA). 2008. Discussion Paper No. 3603.
  • Baum F. and Palmer C. Opportunity structures: urban landscape, social capital and health promotion in Australia.  Health Promotion International. 2002. 17(4): 351 – 361.
  • Bolin K., Lindgren B., Lindstrom M., and Nystedt P. Investments in social capital – implications of social interactions for the production of health. Social Science & Medicine. 2003. 56(12): 2379 – 2390.
  • Buonanno, P., Montolio, D., Vanin, P. Does social capital reduce crime? Journal of Law and Economics 2009; 52(1), 145-170
  • Cassidy, Hayley. Social capital and crime: an in depth study using the British Crime Survey. BA dissertation, University of Portsmouth. 2007.
  • Cohen D., Sanae I., and Brian F. The built environment and collective efficacy. Health & Place. 2008. 14(2): 198 – 208.
  • De Silva M.J., McKenzie K., and Harpham T. Social capital and mental illness: a systemic review. Journal of Epidemiology and Community. 2005. 59(8): 619 – 627.
  • Ellen, I. G., Mijanovich, T. and Dillman, K.-N. Neighborhood Effects on Health: Exploring the Links and Assessing the Evidence. Journal of Urban Affairs, 2001; 23: 391–408.
  • Fujiwara T. and Kawachi I. A prospective study of individual-level social capital and major depression in the United States. Journal of Epidemiology and Community. 2007. 62(7): 627 – 633.
  • Fujiwara T. and Kawachi I. Social capital and health – A study of adult twins in the U.S. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2008. 35(2): 139 – 144.
  • Fullilove MT, Geon V, Jimenez W, et la. Injury and anomie: Effects of violence on an inner-city community. American Journal of Public Health 1998; 88:924-927.
  • Guite HF, Clark C, Ackrill G. The impact of the physical and urban environment on mental well-being. Public Health 2006; 120:1117-1126.
  • Ichiro K.  Commentary: Social Capital And Health: Making The Connections One Step At A Time. International Journal of Epidemiology 2006;35:989–993.
  • Kimberly L, Ichiro K, Bruce P. K. Social capital: a guide to its measurement. Health & Place 5 (1999) 259-270.
  • Mai S, Tarani C, Michael M. Association Between Fear of Crime and Mental Health and Physical Functioning. American Journal of Public Health: November 2007; 97(11) 2076-2081.
  • McCulloch A. Social Environments and Health: Cross Sectional National Survey. British Medical Journal. 2001. 323(7306): 208 – 209.
  • Ozer EJ, McDonald KL. Exposure To Violence And Mental Health Among Chinese American Urban Adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health 2006; 39(1):73-79.
  • Perez-Smith AM, Albus KE, Weist MD. Exposure To Violence And Neighborhood Affiliation Among Inner-city Youth. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology 2001; 30(4):464-472.
  • Putnam, Robert D. Bowling alone : the collapse and revival of American community. New York: Simon & Schuster. 2000.
  • Regina Berger-Schmitt, Social Cohesion as an Aspect of the Quality of Societies: Concept and Measurement, EuReporting Working Paper # 14, Centre for Survey Research and Methodology (ZUMA), Social Indicators Department, Mannheim, 2000.
  • Richard R. How Much Does Social Capital Add To Individual Health? A Survey Study Of Russians. Social Science & Medicine 51 (2000) 1421-1435.
  • Sandra F. Measurement of Social Capital Reference Document for Public Policy Research, Development, and Evaluation. PRI Project: Social Capital as a Public Policy Tool. Canada Policy Research Initiative. 2005.
  • Social Capital as a Public Policy Tool Project Report. PRI Project.: Canada  Policy Research Initiative. 2005
  • Social Capital, Social Capital in Crime, Corruption and Conflict. 2011. World Bank Group, http://go.worldbank.org/HU053SKQ50. Accessed April 10, 2012.
  • Takeo F, Ichiro K. Social Capital and Health: A Study of Adult Twins in the U.S. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2008;35(2).
  • Trudy H, Emma G, Elizabeth T. Measuring social capital within health surveys: key issues.Oxford University Press Health Policy and Planning: . 2002. 17(1):106-111.
  • Veenstra G., Luginaah I., Wakefield S., Birch S., Eyles J., and Elliott S. Who you know, where you live: social capital, neighbourhood and health. Social Science & Medicine. 2005. 60: 2799 – 2818.
  • Yang T.C. and Matthews S.A. The role of social and built environments in predicting self-rated stress: A multilevel analysis in Philadelphia. Health & Place. 2010. 16(5): 803 – 810.

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